Black-Backed Jackal


The black-backed jackal, (canis mesomelas), is a slender wild canid that weighs between 15 and 30 lb. They are between 20-30 inches in length from head to base of tail. They are 15-18 inches tall at the shoulder. Their sides, head and legs are a sandy tan to reddish gold in color. Their back has a saddle from head to tip of tail that is black and white mixed hairs. Often the edges of the saddle are framed in a bright rust. They have a thick under coat for cold weather which they shed in the spring. Wild black-backed jackals eat carrion, fruits and vegetables and small animals. Occasionally they have been known to kill young antelope and domestic sheep.

Pairs remain together for long periods. Mating does not occur until they are about 1-2 years of age. The average litter is 3 to 4 young after a gestation of 60 days. Weaning is about 8 weeks of age.

In captivity

Black-backed jackals can be maintained on a diet of raw meat, eggs, and some vegetables or a diet of high-protein dry dog food. They are highly intelligent and can be trained easily if obtained when they are young pups that have been hand-raised. They are notorious diggers from 8 weeks of age, therefore, enclosures must take that talent into consideration. All captive jackals not kept as breeding pairs should be neutered, especially if kept in a display with same-sex animals. We furnish a complete diet and care instructions with all of our animals.
Black-Backed Jackal


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